Here’s what we did this week! Present Perfect, more Present perfect and more Present Perfect!!!
Here’s the grammar!!!
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (1. For experience)
S AUX (HAVE) PAST PARTICIPLE
I ‘ve (have) had many different jobs in my life!
S AUX (HAVE)+ not PAST PARTICIPLE
I haven’t been to the United States but I have been to Canada.
AUX (HAVE) S PAST PARTICIPLE ?
Have you ever been to New York? Have you ever eaten sushi?
Yes, I have / No, I haven’t. No, never! (I’ve never been to France!)
We are talking about the experience NOT when it happened. CFR
I’ve met Madonna! I met her two years ago.
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE JUST(appena)
John and Sue have JUST arrived.
I’ve JUST had lunch!
ALREADY (già) (affirmative sentences usually)
Jim has already gone to bed. They have already arrived!
YET (negatives and questions) NB its position.
I haven’t finished yet! ( non ancora) I’ve already finished!
Have you been to see the new film yet?
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (1. For since)
The present perfect expresses unfinished states that began in the past and continue into the present.
How long have you been a teacher? I’VE BEEN A TEACHER SINCE 1980./ FOR 29 YEARS.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU LIVED IN ca? I’VE LIVED IN CA SINCE 1982/FOR 27 Years.
For twenty years = period of time
Since 1989 = a point in time
FOR SINCE (always Present Perfect)
10 minutes 3 years Tuesday 10 o’clock
A week a month January 24 I arrived
2 days a long time I was a child Christmas
For ever for ages 1976 I was a born
How long have you lived in London?
I’VE LIVED IN VENICE FOR TWO YEARS/since 2010.
I lived in Venice for two years.
For 2 months = Since August.
I arrived here 2 years ago. Cfr
When did John arrive in Paris? How long has John been in Paris?
He arrived here a week ago. He’s been here for a week/ since last Monday.
PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNFINISHED TIME
We use the PRESENT PERFECT with expressions like this week, in the last few months, today, this morning; all of these are connected to the present time.
I’ve had six cups of coffee today! ( Today is not finished)
How often have you been to the cinema this year? ( This year is not finished)
The Past Simple is used to talk about finished actions and states that happen in a period of time that is finished and not connected to the Present Time. We use time phrases like “ last week, three years ago”.
I drank six cups of coffee yesterday!
I went to the cinema last week
Present Perfect Simple with been and gone
Go went gone (been)
Ann has been to London. She has come back. (Be was /were been )
You:“Hello Ann! Where have you been?
Ann: “I’ve been to London!”
You ;What was London like?”
Ann: “It was great! I saw Big Ben!”
Where have you been ? have you ever been to Paris?
Ann has gone to London! She’s still there! Go went gone (been)
John: “Where’s Ann?”
Mike: “She’s not here! She’s gone to London on business!”
NO !!!!!!!Where have you gone??? XXXXXXXXX NO
Don’t forget that you need to practice as much as possible.!!! Talk to yourself!!! Imaginary conversations!!!
Try a drill !!! Take a simple sentence like:
I go to the cinema!!! Negative
I don’t go ……………………
Do you go …………………………….
I went to the cinema yesterday!
I didn’t go ……
Did you go………..?
Then try Present Cont. ; past Contin; Present perfect ; Future (all 3 forms) ; may/ might/ should; Invite/suggest (Answer too!)
DO you get the idea!!!!
Enjoy your weekend!!