Ott 272011
 

Hi there

         Am doing this today so that you get the grammar all ready to study during the hols!!!

THis week we made a trip into the future and looked at the use of “going to/present prog. and will for future predictions and a decision made at the moment of speaking. Here’s the grammar:

FUTURE

 

FUTURE PLANS (!)

 

We use am/is/are going to + infinitive and the PRESENT CONTINOUS to talk about  plans in the future.

 

We are going to watch TV this evening!

Are you going to eat all that chocolate?

I’m not going to drink any wine at the party tonight!

 

(I decided to do something)                    I’m going to buy a new car!              FUTURE (I do it)

—————————————————————————————————————————-

 You use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS for arrangements, dates, appointments etc.

 

MY DIARYMONDAY  TENNIS 3PM

TUESDAY   MEETING WITH JOHN

WEDNESDAY LUNCH WITH SUE

 

 

I’m playing tennis at 3pm on Monday.   (I’m going to play….

I’m meeting John on Tuesday.                  (I’m going to meet…

I’m having lunch with Sue on Wednesday.   (I’m going to have….)

NB It’s not wrong to use the “going to” form in all these sentences but the PRESENT CONTINUOUS is more common!

Also with “go” and “come” we often prefer NOT to use the “going to “ form:

(I’m going to go to London this summer) I’m going to London this summer!

(They’re going to come to my party at the weekend ) becomes

They’re coming to my party at the weekend.

FUTURE 2 (WILL)

WILL is a modal. Will for all forms!

He will (he’ll phone you tomorrow!)

(-) She will not (won’t)

(?) Will you?

Will (‘ll) + infinitive when we decide something at the moment of speaking!  or when we offer to do something! NOT for those already decided (going to/ present continuous)

Quite often we introduce the expression with “ I think/ I don’t think)

 

a)    It’s cold in here! I’ll close the window!

b)    The phone’s ringing! I’ll answer it!

c)     I need some exercise. I think I’ll go for a walk:

Your granny says. “My bag is really heavy!”

You say: “I’ll carry it for you!” (offer decided at that moment!)

NB In Italian, you often use the present simple!

English: I’ll phone you tomorrow cfr Italian “I phone you!”

Cfr

Did you phone Susan?

No, I’m going to call her later! ( already decided!)

No, I forgot. I’ll call her later! (decided now!)

 

 

Will/won’t (predictions) See modals!)

Things that we are sure will happen in the future

I think it’ll rain tomorrow.   NO, it won’t!

I think John will pass the test!! No, he won’t but Susan will!

 

Then we also looked at MAY/MIGHT

 

We use may/ might when we are not sure about the future.

 

It may/might rain tomorrow! (I’m not sure)

John may/ might go to London at Christmas. ( Not sure)

 

 The grammar’s coming hard and fast, so here are the two points you just need to sit down and learn!!

Verb patterns :

Verb patterns    I’d like to go to London cp I like going to LONDON!

INFINiTIVE WITH “TO

GOING TO          WOULD LIKE TO      USED TO

WANT TO           HOPE TO                             PLAN TO

DECIDE TO          OFFER TO                           PROMISE TO

REFUSE TO         INTEND TO

  he hopes to become

 

INFINITIVE WITHOUT “TO”

A)     AFTER AUXILIARIES AND MODALS

DO, DOES, DID   I don’t like eating mushrooms!

CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, WOULD, will eTC

       I think I’ll go to London

VN  +ING     

A)   ENJOY   STOP FINISH       LIKE/LOVE*  I ENJOY STUDYING English!

I love/like reading

But remember

I’d love to come to your party! Would you like to have a coffee!  ( Specific!!!)

 

B )After a preposition ( at/of/ with etc. ) use the * ing form

I’m thinking OF getting a new phone.

John’ s looking forward TO going to France.

John wasn’t interested in meeting the film star.

And the  the time prepositions  IN  + months/years/seasons/the morning/the afternoon/the evening

ON +  days/dates

AT + time /particular periods (Christmas/Easter etc) /the weekend/night

 

AS regards speaking; you can now talk about the best or worst hotel you stayed; ask and answer about your favourite kind of holiday and say why! ; say dates, birthdays etc.

   So enjoy your weekend and your holiday!

    See you on Wednesday!

      SAllyD

Ott 232011
 

Hi there ,

               Hope you are enjoying the Sardinian sun!!!

OK – last week grammar wise we looked at Countable/Uncountable Nouns/ Quantifiers and the Present Progressive Continuous Tense.

Some / any

 (+)  There’s some bread, potatoes, water in the fridge.

(-) We don’t have any tea/ biscuits/ chocolate etc. We have no tea!!!! (A disaster for a tea drinker like me!!!!)

(?) Do you have any salt/ tomatoes?

NB OFFERS AND REQUESTS

Would you like SOME tea? Not ANY TEA X

Can I have SOME apples? Not ANY APPLES X

Much/many / a lot of

 

(+) I eat a lot of / lots of fruit and vegetables.

(-) I don’t eat much chocolate.

(?) How much bread do you eat?

     How many biscuits do you eat every day?

    Are there many students at the lesson?

We also saw TOO MUCH/TOO MANY

There are too many adverts on the TV.       / There’s too much traffic on the roads today.

NOT ENOUGH

There aren’t enough buses to the University.  /There isn’t enough flour to make a cake.

A FEW /A LITTLE (Positive idea!!!)

There are a few cans of beer left!   /I’ve got a little money!!!  

 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Form

S                             TO BE                                   V + ING

I                              am                                        studying

He                          is                                       going

They               are                                               eating

                Questions

 

Are    you listening…..?

I s    she coming..?

 

Neg. to be + NOT

I’m not going to his party.

They aren’t watching TV!

 

Remember we use the Present Prog.  to talk about actions that are happening at this moment or around about now!!

e.g.  What are you doing (at the moment)?   I’m reading/watching TV/ having lunch etc.

Cp with WHAT DO YOU DO?     I’m a student/teacher etc.

OR At the moment I’m studying French (i.e. in this period…)

Also be careful with some Stative verbs which are not usually used in this tense!!!

e.g. verbs like  “mean, understand, like, love, matter, belong etc. “

(“I’m loving it!!!!”)      Horrible!!!!!!!!!!!

 

As regards vocab.  we looked at weddings and talked about customs. !

 

See you next week!

Don’t forget to bring your photocopies of the old tests!

  SallyD

 

Ott 172011
 

Hi there,

                Hope you had a good weekend.  Just a reminder of what we did last week!

  Apart from Questions/negs, Past and present Simple, we started looking at the use of “used to”.

Used to + infinitive

 Talk about past states and actions that happened many times

 

I used to be a teacher (= now I’m not a teacher!)

I used to play tennis every day! (Now I don’t)

= I played tennis every day!

 

WHAT DID YOU USE TO DO AT WEEKENDS WHEN YOU WERE YOUNG?

I USED TO GO TO CHURCH ON SUNDAYS!

I DIDN’T USE TO GO TO THE DISCO!

 

Then we did a lot of Irregular Verbs – you need to learn them off by heart.

Next week we’re looking at Nouns!!!

    See you tomorrow!

   SAllyD

PS : You can find the KEY to the exercises at the CUEC bookshop!

Ott 122011
 

Hi there ,

                Just a quick note about what we did yesterday!!! Lots!!!  Negatives and questions in the past!!

Grammar below!!!

 

PRESENT SIMPLE

SUBJECT AUX + NOT VERB (BASE FORM)  
I AM NOT (‘m not)   Italian.
They ARE NOT (aren’t)   French.
She IS NOT (isn’t)   a student.
I DO NOT (don’t) like English food.
He DOES NOT (doesn’t) know John.
We DO NOT (don’t ) have a dog.

We haven’t got a dog.  He hasn’t got any children.   He doesn’t have any children.

 

PAST SIMPLE

SUBJECT AUX + NOT VERB (BASE FORM)  
I WAS NOT (wasn‘t)   Italian.
They WERE NOT (weren’t)   French.
She WAS NOT (wasn’t)   a student.
I DID NOT (didn’t) like English food.
He DID NOT (didn’t) know John.
We DID NOT (didn’t) have a dog.

 

 

 

 

PAST SIMPLE

Wh-word Auxiliary Subject Verb  
Where were you   yesterday?
Who was the girl   in the picture?
Why was he   happy?
  Did you watch TV last night
  Did she like The present?
         
How many books did you read On holiday?
Where did you go Last night
What did you have for lunch yesterday?
What did you do last weekend?

 

 

Then we learnt how to describe our favourite teacher.

 

You are going to talk about  a teacher at school that you really liked. Use these questions to help you|!

 

  1. What was the teacher’s name? Ms Bennet Miss Mrs Mr
  2.  What did he/she teach? (NB TEACH TAUGHT TAUGHT)
  3. Where did he/she teach?
  4. How often did you have lessons with him /her?

(NB HAVE HAD HAD ) (Every day, once (1) a week, twice /twaɪs/ a week, three times a week etc.)

  1. What did he/she look like?

(Appearance : He was short/tall; he was fat/slim; he had dark/blonde/white/grey hair; he wore (WEAR WORE WORN)glasses.

  1. Why did you like him/her?

(Because he was nice, funny, kind, a good teacher, etc…….)

Patient   fair, strict

 

 HE TAUGHT AT SECONDARY SCHOOL/ MY GRAMMAR SCHOOL/ AT THE MIDDLE SCHOOL

 

Remember that we also learnt a series of new adjectives!

 (eg bored, interested, good, etc,)

  See you later

    SAllyD

 

 

 

Ott 102011
 

Well,. we’re off!

So what happened this week! Things you should remember!!!

1) Alphabet

2) Vocabulary; Family words,  classroom words.

3) Asking for personal information.

As regards the grammar;

we looked at the

Present Simple Tense (mainly question forms) of the verb “to be” and other verbs.

And Questions with WHAT + noun(colour , time etc /type of/kind of/sort of  

 HOW +  adjective(old, long,  etc. ) /adverb (well, fast etc. )

HOW MUCH + (wine/water/time etc.)

HOW MANY + Plural Nouns (students, people etc.)

Frequency adverbs: use and position

 

 

QUESTION FORMS 

PRESENT SIMPLE

 

Wh-word Auxiliary Subject Verb  
Where are you   from?
What is your name?    
Why are they   Sad?
  

 

 

 

 

 

  

Do

you like pizza?
  Does she know Mike?
         
What kind of books do you read?  
Where do you live?  
What does your father do?  
What do you eat for breakfast?

 How often do……..?

Frequency adverbs and phrases

 

Always

Usually

Often

Sometimes

Rarely

Never

 

Position in the Present Simple:

S       adverb    V

She always arrives late.   He often goes to the cinema.

They rarely eat meat.

 

With the verb “to be”

S “to be” adverb

She is       sometimes late.     She always arrives late.

They are     often       hungry.

 

Expressions indicating frequency go at the end of the sentence or at the beginning.

Once a month, Twice a week, three times a day.

We have English classes three times a week.

Three times a week, we have English lessons.    

WHAT DO YOU LIKE DOING IN YOUR FREE TIME?     I LIKE …….

How often do you have English classes?

Hope you had a nice weekend!!

See you tomorrow!

   SAllyD

 

 

 

 

 

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