Am doing this today so that you get the grammar all ready to study during the hols!!!
THis week we made a trip into the future and looked at the use of “going to/present prog. and will for future predictions and a decision made at the moment of speaking. Here’s the grammar:
FUTURE PLANS (!)
We use am/is/are going to + infinitive and the PRESENT CONTINOUS to talk about plans in the future.
We are going to watch TV this evening!
Are you going to eat all that chocolate?
I’m not going to drink any wine at the party tonight!
(I decided to do something) I’m going to buy a new car! FUTURE (I do it)
You use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS for arrangements, dates, appointments etc.
|MY DIARYMONDAY TENNIS 3PM
TUESDAY MEETING WITH JOHN
WEDNESDAY LUNCH WITH SUE
I’m playing tennis at 3pm on Monday. (I’m going to play….
I’m meeting John on Tuesday. (I’m going to meet…
I’m having lunch with Sue on Wednesday. (I’m going to have….)
NB It’s not wrong to use the “going to” form in all these sentences but the PRESENT CONTINUOUS is more common!
Also with “go” and “come” we often prefer NOT to use the “going to “ form:
(I’m going to go to London this summer) I’m going to London this summer!
(They’re going to come to my party at the weekend ) becomes
They’re coming to my party at the weekend.
FUTURE 2 (WILL)
WILL is a modal. Will for all forms!
He will (he’ll phone you tomorrow!)
(-) She will not (won’t)
(?) Will you?
Will (‘ll) + infinitive when we decide something at the moment of speaking! or when we offer to do something! NOT for those already decided (going to/ present continuous)
Quite often we introduce the expression with “ I think/ I don’t think)
a) It’s cold in here! I’ll close the window!
b) The phone’s ringing! I’ll answer it!
c) I need some exercise. I think I’ll go for a walk:
Your granny says. “My bag is really heavy!”
You say: “I’ll carry it for you!” (offer decided at that moment!)
NB In Italian, you often use the present simple!
English: I’ll phone you tomorrow cfr Italian “I phone you!”
Did you phone Susan?
No, I’m going to call her later! ( already decided!)
No, I forgot. I’ll call her later! (decided now!)
Will/won’t (predictions) See modals!)
Things that we are sure will happen in the future
I think it’ll rain tomorrow. NO, it won’t!
I think John will pass the test!! No, he won’t but Susan will!
Then we also looked at MAY/MIGHT
We use may/ might when we are not sure about the future.
It may/might rain tomorrow! (I’m not sure)
John may/ might go to London at Christmas. ( Not sure)
The grammar’s coming hard and fast, so here are the two points you just need to sit down and learn!!
Verb patterns :
Verb patterns I’d like to go to London cp I like going to LONDON!
INFINiTIVE WITH “TO
GOING TO WOULD LIKE TO USED TO
WANT TO HOPE TO PLAN TO
DECIDE TO OFFER TO PROMISE TO
REFUSE TO INTEND TO
he hopes to become
INFINITIVE WITHOUT “TO”
A) AFTER AUXILIARIES AND MODALS
DO, DOES, DID I don’t like eating mushrooms!
CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, WOULD, will eTC
I think I’ll go to London
A) ENJOY STOP FINISH LIKE/LOVE* I ENJOY STUDYING English!
I love/like reading
I’d love to come to your party! Would you like to have a coffee! ( Specific!!!)
B )After a preposition ( at/of/ with etc. ) use the * ing form
I’m thinking OF getting a new phone.
John’ s looking forward TO going to France.
John wasn’t interested in meeting the film star.
And the the time prepositions IN + months/years/seasons/the morning/the afternoon/the evening
ON + days/dates
AT + time /particular periods (Christmas/Easter etc) /the weekend/night
AS regards speaking; you can now talk about the best or worst hotel you stayed; ask and answer about your favourite kind of holiday and say why! ; say dates, birthdays etc.
So enjoy your weekend and your holiday!
See you on Wednesday!