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Titolo: Zum Begriff des Naturrechts bei Leibniz
Data di pubblicazione: 2008
Abstract: The paper is aimed at showing the specific critical meaning of the concept of ius naturale that Leibniz delineates in a critical essay on Pufendorf’s theory of natural justice published in 1706. Leibniz’s criticism of Pufendorf has an “exoteric” character and follows a “protreptic” aim. First Leibniz discusses Pufendorf’s theory starting from representations of the common sense based on the authority of the revealed religion. Nevertheless, Leibniz’s final aim is not to justify the religious authority but, on the contrary, to show the radical antithesis between ratio and auctoritas in order to urge the reader to adopt a rational attitude. The opposition of ratio vs. auctoritas, e.g. free rational mindset vs. forced submission is also the leading thread of Leibniz’s essay. Pufendorf’s doctrine of natural justice does not aknowledge this principled alternative. Moreover the above-mentioned opposition marks the argument of Leibniz himself. Namely, Leibniz approaches the opposition ratio vs. auctoritas from two very different points of view. At first he points it out from the perspective of those who are submitted to that authority. Then, he discusses the opposition in a strict rational way by showing that Pufendorf’s theory is self-defeating. Therefore Leibniz’s rational demonstration is like a kind of Aristotelian elenchos or “refutation”: through the prove of the self-contradiction in the discussed thesis the opposite point of view is proved.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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