|Titolo:||In vivo administration of ethanol enhances the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-dependent chloride channel in the rat cerebral cortex|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Abstract:||The effect of in vivo administration of ethanol on the gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor-coupled chloride channel was studied by measuring ex vivo t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) binding in the rat cerebral cortex. Intragastric administration of ethanol (0.5-1 g/kg) elicited in 40 min a significant decrease of [35S]TBPS binding to unwashed cortical membrane preparations, an effect mimicked by diazepam (0.5-1 mg/kg, i.p.). However, Scatchard plot analysis indicated that, unlike the case with diazepam, the decrease was entirely due to a reduction in the apparent affinity of [35S]TBPS receptors with no change in the total number of binding sites. Moreover, ethanol, like diazepam, reduced the increase of [35S]TBPS binding elicited by isoniazid (350 mg/kg, s.c.), an inhibitor of the GABAergic transmission. Finally, ethanol markedly potentiated the inhibitory action of diazepam on [35S]TBPS binding. The results suggest that ethanol, like benzodiazepines, enhances the function of the GABAA-coupled chloride channel.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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