|Abstract: ||The dissertation is framed within the topics of regional governance and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). Compared to its relationship with governance the SEA may be defined as a set of rules, principles, techniques and tools with the function of supporting the decision making
process. The evaluation process is strategically relevant when applying the principles of environmental sustainability to regional and urban planning. SEA is a fundamental instrument for the environmental integration during the elaboration and adoption of plans; SEA offers an opportunity to bring about a real change of attitude and culture at strategic levels into strategic decision-making process; SEA, according to the Directive 2001/42/EC, provides the most adequate opportunity to integrate different regional planning methods. The dissertation mechanisms of regional governance, defined as the process involving the formation and implementation of decisions. The objective of this study is to analyse the relationships between the various stakeholders and governmental institutions, with the aim of defining in what terms, with reference to regional governance, the theoretical principles of sustainable development (in terms of managing the relationship between natural resources and economic development) can be applied to the planning phases.
The main aim is to build a framework for sequential activities in the planning process, of a new model of governance able to relate to different levels of government, from a political level to a local
The Sardinian case study contains some interesting aspects of planning and evaluation processes
currently under way, which could be exported and developed further. However, it does suffer from
several inconsistencies which are highlighted by the Directive 2001/42/EC.
The innovative aspect of the research project, respect to the current planning situation of the SEA
and the planning procedures, consists in the creation of a Protocol for the integration of the two
approaches related to the construction of the plan and the activation process of SEA.
In particular in the construction of system to accompany and support the government in adapting
the plans, and secondly to support local authorities in the definition of strategic choices. Don’t exist
in Sardinia a guidance for SEA process of general plan, This Guidance is intended to be valid for all
plans from regional to urban plans by defining a decisional process where the SEA is part of the
plan, creating a process more inclusive of aspects of environmental and public consultation. The
involvement of consulting the public and authorities with environmental responsibilities is the goal
of the new model of the assessment process.|