|Titolo:||Square-planar d8 metal mixed-ligand dithiolene complexes as second order nonlinear optical chromophores: Structure/property relationship|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Abstract:||The structure/property relationship of square-planar d8 metal push/pull mixed-ligand dithiolene complexes is discussed to provide suitable tools to chemists for tailoring compounds with predictable optical properties. These complexes exhibit a typical HOMO–LUMO electronic transition which falls at low energies (vis–NIR region). Substituents at the dithiolene core affect the energy of the frontier orbitals and mixed-ligand complexes based on two different ligands give rise to an asymmetric-symmetric distribution of the charge according to the differences in the push/pull character of the two ligands. Where the push/pull character of the two ligands is significantly different, a localized electron distribution occurs. The pull ligand (dithiolate) contributes mostly to the HOMO, the push ligand (dithione) mostly to the LUMO, and the HOMO–LUMO transition has ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (CT) character with some contribution of the metal. These chromophores exhibit negative solvatochromism and molecular first hyperpolarizability. Where the difference in the push/pull character of the two ligands is small, a delocalized electron distribution occurs and the chromophores exhibit optical features typical of symmetrical complexes (NIR dyes, no second order NLO activity). Structural data, spectroscopic and electrochemical features reflect the-delocalized/localized electron distribution. The progress of these studies has allowed to prepare several new redox-active complexes with remarkably high second order nonlinear activity, tunable with the metal and the ligands.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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