|Titolo:||Geological 3D model for the design of artificial recharge facilities into the Oued Biskra inféro-flux aquifer (NE Algeria)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Abstract:||North Africa arid regions of Maghreb suffers of dry climatic conditions with erratic behaviour of rainfall in which most part of available superficial waters is lost, providing scarce benefits for households living in villages of such semidesertic areas. Oued Biskra watershed (NE Algeria) is one of two study areas implemented in WADIS-MAR demonstration project (www.wadis-mar.eu) founded by European Commission through SWIM Programme (www.swim-sm.eu). North to the city of Biskra the river bed is imposed on Mio-Plio-Quaternary deposits and the alluvial sediments constitute a phreatic aquifer called inféro-flux (AA.VV., 1980). The aquifer is overexploited for drinking water and irrigation purposes, therefore the aquifer artificial recharge systems were designed in order to increase the sustainable yield of the aquifer and to store water underground when available and to employ it when needed. Using the software Move (Midland Valley Exploration Ltd.) a preliminary 3D hydro-geological model, based on geological, hydro-geological and sub-surface data, a 30 meters Aster DEM and photo-interpretation, was made to better understand the hydro-geological setting of the inféro-flux aquifer. This study investigated 4 kilometres of the oued Biskra. Through 28 geological cross sections orthogonal to the river bed the 3D model of the alluvial aquifer was reconstructed. It is made up by alluvial deposits, mainly sand and gravel, with thickness that increases from 20 metres in the North to 80 metres in the South. In order to estimate the storativity, from sub-surface data we inferred an effective porosity value of 30%. Based on the hydro-geological model an aquifer artificial recharge system was designed, consists by: · 6 dry recharge wells: they will have a diameter ranging from 2 to 3 meters and a depth from 5 to 10, according to local setting of wadi bed and alluvial aquifer. From each well, three buried drainage pipes will depart to maximize the infiltration rates; · 6 recharge trenches: they will be arrange perpendicular to the flow direction in cascade in a v-shape manner; · 3 recharge basin: they will permit the infiltration of excess water conducted by buried pipes from the recharge wells. Its shape will be built as an inverted pyramid and built in slightly higher areas of the wadi bed to be sure to not being affected by superficial flow. Groundwater pollution will be prevent using a “reactive layer”, a palm leaves compost with clay and sand to improve the quality of infiltrating water, that will work as a filter. The evaluation of the artificial recharge yield according the above described system, considering the occurrence of water along the oued for 20 days per year, is 1.5 million cubic metres per year.|
|Tipologia:||4.2 Abstract in Atti di convegno|
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