Prodotti della ricerca

 
Titolo: Conformational analysis and cytotoxic activities of the frog skin host-defense peptide, hymenochirin-1Pa
Autori: 
Data di pubblicazione: 2014
Rivista: 
PEPTIDES  
Abstract: Hymenochirin-1Pa (LKLSPKTKDTLKKVLKGAIKGAIAIASMA-NH2) is a host-defense peptide first isolated from skin secretions of the frog Pseudhymenochirus merlini (Pipidae). A nuclear magnetic resonance structural investigation demonstrates that the peptide has a random coil conformation in water but, in the membrane-mimetic solvent 50% (v/ v) trifluoroethanol-water adopts a well-defined conformation characterized by two alpha-helical domains from residues K6 to G17 and from G21 to M28, with the N-terminal region unfolded. The presence of a GXXXG domain, the most common structural motif found at the interface between interacting trans-membrane helices, between residues 17 and 21, introduces a kink corresponding to a deviation from linearity of 93 +/- 31 degrees. Hymenochirin-1Pa shows broad spectrum anti-bacterial activity, including high potency against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. The peptide also shows high cytotoxic potency against human non-small lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells, and colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells but its therapeutic potential as an anti-cancer agent is limited by moderate hemolytic activity against human erythrocytes and lack of selectivity for tumor cells. Increasing cationicity of the peptide by substituting the Asp(9) residue by either L-Lys (K) or D-Lys (k) has relatively minor effects on antimicrobial and anti-tumor potencies but the [D9k] analog is non-hemolytic LC50 > 400 mu M. Thus, [D9k] hymenochirin-1Pa may serve as a template for the design of non-toxic antimicrobial agents for use against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/101048
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
credits unica.it | accessibilità Università degli Studi di Cagliari
C.F.: 80019600925 - P.I.: 00443370929
note legali | privacy

Nascondi la toolbar