|Titolo:||Liquid-phase thiophene adsorption on MCM-22 zeolite and activated carbon|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Citazione:||Liquid-phase thiophene adsorption on MCM-22 zeolite and activated carbon / Delitala C.; Cadoni E; Delpiano D.; Meloni D.; Melis S.; Ferino I.. - 110:2-3(2008), pp. 197-215.|
|Abstract:||The liquid-phase adsorption of thiophene from thiophene/iso-octane and toluene-rich thiophene/toluene/iso-octane solutions has been investigated in batch conditions at room temperature and atmospheric pressure on MCM-22 zeolite and activated carbon. The adsorption of toluene from toluene/iso-octane solutions has also been investigated on both the adsorbents. These were characterised by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen physisorption, scanning electron microscopy and adsorption microcalorimetry of ammonia. Both MCM-22 and activated carbon were able to adsorb thiophene and toluene from the corresponding single-adsorptive iso-octane solutions. MCM-22 appeared superior to activated carbon for the adsorption of thiophene from toluene-rich thiophene/toluene/iso-octane mixtures. The adsorption data for MCM-22 were correlated with the acid sites and silanol groups concentrations, as determined by microcalorimetric experiments. No such correlation was found for activated carbon. Apparently, on MCM-22 thiophene adsorption occurs first on the acid sites until they are saturated and then continues on the silanol groups. Toluene adsorption also occurs on the acid sites of MCM-22 until saturation, but no further adsorption by interaction of toluene with the silanol groups takes place. GC/MS investigation of the nature of the organosulphur material retained by the adsorbent revealed that the tiophene adsorbed on MCM-22 undergoes transformation into heavy products. Besides thiophene trimers and tetramers, these include other compounds formed by two and three thiophenic rings linked by alkyl groups, as well as a rather high molecular weight product where a trimer is linked to thiophenic ring by a cyclohexadienic ring. Reaction pathways leading to these products have been tentatively outlined. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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