|Titolo:||Exploring the binding of serotonin to the 5-HT3 receptor by density functional theory|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Abstract:||The 5-HT3 receptor is a typical ligand-gated ion channel of the Cys-loop superfamily, which is activated by binding of serotonin (5-HT). Models of the binding site of this protein reveal potential interactions between 5-HT and Tyr143, Tyr153, and Tyr234. Here we describe a series of ab initio calculations, based on density functional theory, to assess the effects of mutating these tyrosine residues on the binding of 5-HT. A series of mutations to these tyrosines, previously studied experimentally, were tested, and the binding energies compared with the available experimental data. Our results show that Tyr153 could form a hydrogen bond with the tertiary amine of 5-HT, and that mutation in this location revealed binding energies broadly in line with experimentally determined EC(50)s. Tyr143 could also form a hydrogen bond, but as EC(50)s do not relate to binding energies, it is unlikely that such a bond is formed here. Tyr234 is quite distinct in that it may interact with 5-HT via a mixed hydrogen bond/cation-pi interaction.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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