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Titolo: Evidence for a proatherogenic biochemical phenotype in beta thalassemia minor and intermedia
Data di pubblicazione: 2011
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to focus on pathophysiological mechanisms linking β-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI) and minor (β-TMI) with cardiovascular risk. Iron status, prooxidant-antioxidant balance and lipid profiles in serum, and lipid content in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were evaluated in 20 β-TMI subjects, 22 β-TI patients and in 30 nonthalassemic blood donors. The mRNA levels of some genes involved in the regulation of iron and cholesterol metabolism were also determined. In β-TI and in β-TMI, serum iron, prooxidant-antioxidant ratio, transferrin saturation and erythropoietin levels were higher, while transferrin and hepcidin were lower compared to controls. Hepcidin and interleukin-1 αmRNA levels were found to be reduced in β-TI- and β-TMI-PBMCs, while those of tumor necrosis factor alpha were increased. A reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum and an accumulation of neutral lipids coupled with increased mRNA levels of acetyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase and decreased neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase in PBMCs were also observed in β-TI and β-TMI compared to controls. Taken together, these findings provide experimental support for the idea that not only β-TI patients but also β-TMI have a proatherogenic biochemical phenotype which may contribute to increase their cardiovascular disease risk.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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