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Titolo: Prescriptions of NSAIDs to patients undergoing third molar surgery : an observational, prospective, multicentre survey
Data di pubblicazione: 2008
Abstract: Background and objectives: Surgical extraction of an impacted third molar is generally followed by acute post-operative pain that has been shown to be primarily inflammatory. Thus, use of NSAIDs in this context is appropriate and has been shown to be effective. Several drugs are employed for this purpose, but no information exists on the reasons why preference is given to one rather than another. The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the pattern of administration of NSAIDs in patients undergoing surgery for impacted third molar extraction. The study also aimed to collect information on the efficacy, onset and duration of the analgesic effect of routinely prescribed NSAIDs and to assess the duration of treatment with these drugs and their tolerability. Methods: This was an observational, multicentre, prospective survey. A total of 616 patients (38% male and 62% female) from the Italian Stomatology Clinics of the Universities of Bologna, Brescia, Cagliari, Chieti, Pavia, Pisa, Siena and Varese and from the Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery of Semmelweis University, Budapest, were eligible for the study. Patients were evaluated over the 7 days following surgical extraction. NSAIDs were prescribed according to the normal prescribing habits of the centre and physician involved. The main outcomes of interest in the survey were the efficacy, onset and duration of analgesic effect, duration of therapy, and tolerability of the NSAIDs prescribed. Results: Nimesulide was the most prescribed NSAID (68%), followed by diclofenac, ketoprofen and ibuprofen. Because of the low proportion of patients receiving other NSAIDs, these patients were considered a single treatment group for evaluation purposes. Nimesulide, especially when given before patients started experiencing pain after surgery, was more effective than other NSAIDs in reducing the severity of pain on the day of surgery, in delaying the time to maximum intensity of pain, in providing complete pain relief and in prolonging the duration of analgesic effect on the day of surgery. These results are consistent with the known anti-inflammatory and analgesic actions of nimesulide and with the important role of inflammation in the onset of pain after this type of surgery. Conclusion: These results confirm nimesulide as an effective reference drug for the treatment of post-operative dental pain and show that it has a positive benefit/risk profile in this setting.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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