Lug 032019

Professions and society –Facing the challenges of marketization, globalization and digitalization

Florence, 4-6 July 2019- Friday, July 5th -11.15-13.00
Parallel sessions (V)-Session 1 (b)
Varieties of professionalism. Exploring heterogeneity within and between professions
Ground floor, Room 0.14-Chairs: Andrea Bellini, Lara Maestripieri, Karolina Parding
Neo-Weberianism, social closure and professional rewards: the veterinary profession
vs. the medical profession
Mike Saks, Stephen May, Martin Whiting
Professionalism in the broadcasting sector: a case study on workers of private and
public television stations in Sardinia
Clementina Casula
Migrating into a regulated profession: comparing doctors and engineers in a context of
evolving professional systems
Jean-Luc Bédard
Architects in Europe: bringing sense to statistical data with the help of research on professions
Harald A. Mieg
Architecture collectives. Molecular structures in contemporary urban practice
Cristina Catalanotti

Theme. Professions are facing multiple challenges. The neoliberal rhetoric in Western societies modified the equilibria between agents of regulation, undermining social closure mechanisms, which are typical of classic professions, and discouraging the institutionalization of new ones. Both old and new professions are thus more exposed to market regulation and a process of rationalization, associated with the promotion of managerial/organizational cultures. Marketization and managerialism imposed new objectives. Organizations became the places of change, challenging professionalism as dominant logic, offering new sources of identity and power to professionals. Public sector services also developed forms of “hybrid” or “new” professionalism. Recently, technological change affected both professionals and customers. Professionals found in the ICTs new modes of expression to respond effectively to the growing demand for professional services. Digitalization, then, brought along substantial changes in the ways expert knowledge is produced and transmitted, and implied a democratization of knowledge, which modified the power balances between professionals and clients/users. In the background, globalization and the rising number of professionals in developing countries led to a new division of labor between Global North and South. The combined effects of these processes are producing radical changes in the relationship between professions and society. Such changes affect practitioners’ careers, roles, and tasks, as well as their earnings and statuses. Trust relationships are also called into question.

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