|Titolo:||Interferon-β counter-regulates its own pro-apoptotic action by activating p38 MAPK signalling in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Citazione:||Interferon-β counter-regulates its own pro-apoptotic action by activating p38 MAPK signalling in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells / Dedoni S; Olianas MC; Onali P. - 19:10(2014), pp. 1509-1526.|
|Abstract:||Type I interferons (IFNs) induce apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells, but the molecular mechanisms regulating this event have not been completely elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, a key regulator of apoptosis and a known modulator of IFN-induced responses in non-neuronal cells. We show that in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells IFN-β induced a delayed and sustained increase of p38 MAPK activity through a novel mechanism involving the sequential activation of Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 signalling, enhanced expression of the NADPH oxidase catalytic subunit gp91(phox), increased reactive oxygen species production and stimulation of the MAPK kinase kinase transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1. Either blockade of p38 MAPK by the second generation inhibitors BIRB0796 and VX745 or siRNA knockdown of p38α MAPK enhanced IFN-β-induced apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells. Exposure to IFN-β increased the phosphorylation of the small heat shock protein HSP27 at Ser15, Ser78 and Ser82 with a time course similar to p38 MAPK activation and this response was suppressed by either p38α MAPK depletion or pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK and MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2). Either silencing of HSP27 expression by siRNA or MK2 inhibition potentiated IFN-β-induced apoptotic death. These results indicate that IFN-β-induced apoptosis of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells is associated with a long-lasting up-regulation of p38 MAPK activity, stimulation of MK2 and phosphorylation of the pro-survival protein HSP27. Moreover, the data show that inhibition of p38 MAPK signalling potentiates the anti-neuroblastoma activity of the cytokine, indicating that this pathway mediates a counter-regulatory response.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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