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Titolo: Rationale of lead immobilization by ball milling in synthetic soils and remediation of heavy metals contaminated tailings
Data di pubblicazione: 2009
Abstract: In thiswork, the use of mechanical milling for the remediation of heavy metals in synthetic soils and tailings sampled fromthe mining area of “Barraxiutta”, SWof Sardinia, Italy is investigated. Specifically, Pb(II) contaminated synthetic soils of sandy, bentonitic and kaolinitic type are taken into account following the results obtained in previous works. Suitable sequential extraction procedures have been performed on both untreated and treated synthetic soils. It is found that mechanical loads which occur during collisions amongmillingmedia and soils are able to modify the distribution of Pb(II) onto the different solid fractions of contaminated synthetic soils. Specifically, for sandy soils the milling treatment induces a significant increase in Pb(II) content in the Fe–Mn oxides fraction. On the other hand, for bentonitic and kaolinitic soils, Pb(II) content in both carbonate and Fe–Mn oxide fractions is augmented after treatment. Such phenomena may contribute to Pb(II) immobilization efficiency since the heavy metal trans-speciation occurs in favor of fractions characterized by stronger bonds and lower solubility. As for the heavy metals contaminated tailings, their immobilization is obtained using both ball and attrition milling devices under specific ball to powder ratio values. The degree of metals immobilization is evaluated by analyzing the corresponding leachable fraction obtained through the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure (SPLP) proposed by EPA. X-ray diffraction and granulometric analyses revealed no significant alterations of the intrinsic character of the tailings after milling except for a relatively small increase in particles size. The increase in immobilization efficiency when tailings are mechanically treated may be due to specific phenomena induced during milling such as entrapment of heavy metals into aggregates, solid diffusion of metals into the crystalline reticulum of soil particles, the formation of newfresh surfaces onto whichheavy metalsmay be irreversibly adsorbed aswell asmetal trans-speciation onto tailings fractions characterized by stronger bonds and lower solubility.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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