|Titolo:||Salivary histatins in human deep posterior lingual glands (of von Ebner)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Citazione:||Salivary histatins in human deep posterior lingual glands (of von Ebner) / Piludu M; Lantini M.S; Cossu M; Piras M; Oppenheim F.G; Helmerhorst E.J; Siqueira W; Hand A.R. - In: ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0003-9969. - 51:11(2006), pp. 967-973.|
|Abstract:||Objective: Human saliva contains a family of low molecular weight histicline-rich proteins, named histatins, characterised by bactericidal and fungicidal activities in vitro against several microbial pathogens, such as Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicons. They represent a major component of an innate host non-immune defense system. In an earlier study we described the distribution of histatins in the glandular parenchyma of human major salivary glands, confirming that all human major salivary glands are involved in the secretion of histatins into saliva. In the present study we determined the expression and localisation of histatins in human posterior deep Lingual glands (von Ebner's glands) by means of immunoelectron microscopy. Design: Thin sections of normal human salivary glands, embedded in Epon resin, were incubated with rabbit potyclonal antibodies specific for human histatins and successively with a gold conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG used as secondary antibody. Sections incubated with medium devoid of primary antibody or containing nonimmune serum were used as controls. Results: The serous secreting cells represented the main source of histatins in the glandular parenchyma of von Ebner's glands. At the electron microscopic level, labeling was associated with rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex and secretory granules that represented the main cytoplasmic site of histatin localisation. However, variability in the intensity of labeling was observed among adjacent cells. Conclusions: The present results show for the first time that human von Ebner's glands produce and represent a significant source of histatins, supporting the hypothesis of their important rote in preventing microbial assaults on the tissues in the posterior region of the tongue and in the circurnvallate papillae.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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