|Titolo:||Why Direct or Reversed Hofmeister Series? Interplay of Hydration, Non-electrostatic Potentials, and Ion Size|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Abstract:||A modified Poisson-Boltzmann analysis is made of the double layer interaction between two silica surfaces and two alumina surfaces in chloride electrolyte. The analysis incorporates nonelectrostatic ion-surface dispersion interactions based on ab initio ionic excess polarizabilities with finite ion sizes. A hydration model for the tightly held hydration shell of kosmotropic ions is introduced. A direct Hofmeister series (K > Na > Li) is found at the silica surface while the reversed series (Li > Na > K) is found at alumina, bringing theory in line with experiment for the first time. Calculations with unhydrated ions also suggest that surface-induced dehydration may be occurring at the alumina surface.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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