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Titolo: Simultaneous occurrence of PAX8-PPARg and RET-PTC3 rearrangements in a follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Data di pubblicazione: 2012
Abstract: Specific genotype-phenotype correlations have been identified in conventional-type papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). In contrast, the genetic alterations underlying the pathogenesis of the follicular variant of PTC (FV-PTC), which shares some clinicopathologic and molecular features with both PTC and FTC, remain to be clarified. This entity shows a PAX8-PPARg fusion gene (associated with FTC), more frequently than BRAF or RET-PTC alterations (associated with PTC). Herein, we report, for the first time, an FV-PTC with the simultaneous occurrence of both RET-PTC and PAX8-PPARg alterations. Neoplastic cells were of the wild type for BRAF and H,K,N-RAS, had an apparently normal karyotype by conventional cytogenetics, and had a balanced genome by array comparative genomic hybridization analysis. In fact, submicroscopic chromosome rearrangements producing RET-PTC3 and PAX8-PPARg chimeric genes were found by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization. We demonstrated that these 2 genetic alterations coexisted in the same tumor and were confined to 2 different clones. Our findings indicate that molecular heterogeneity, although an uncommon phenomenon, may occur in thyroid carcinoma and demonstrate the coexistence in a case of FV-PTC not only of the histologic but also of the molecular features of both PTC (RET-PTC) and FTC (PAX8-PPARg).
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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