|Titolo:||Evaluation of the use of human mesenchymal stem cells for acute toxicity tests.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Abstract:||In vitro cytotoxicity tests are typically carried out with transformed, immortalized cell lines or primary cells. Immortalized cells are readily available and easily maintained, although they usually show anomalous behavior and phenotypes, which do not reflect the mechanisms observed in their normal homologous cells. Primary cells are indeed considered a better option as model systems for predicting toxicological behavior, although they are limited in quantity and suffer from batch-to-batch variation due to the need to isolate them freshly for each study. In particular, human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSCs) have never been adopted in order to develop in vitro model systems for acute toxicity tests of chemicals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify the possibility of using hMSCs as an alternative method to estimate in vivo starting dose for acute toxicity. As suggested by ICCVAM, 12 reference chemicals were assessed in the present study and a Neutral Red Uptake assay was performed. It is shown for the first time that MSCs isolated from human bone marrow can be confidently used in this area of toxicology. MSCs represent a good promise for the development of in vitro human assays and could ultimately replace, improve or overtake current predictive models in toxicology.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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