|Titolo:||Evidence that an altered prolactin release is consequent to abnormal ovarian activity in polycystic-ovary-syndrome|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Abstract:||Objective: To investigate whether endogenous dopaminergic activity is impaired in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)-affected women and is normalized by medical ovariectomy. Patients: Women with PCOS untreated (n = 23) and treated for 3 months with GnRH analogue (GnRH-a) administration (n = 10) and normal cycling young women (n = 23) as controls. Interventions: Acute blockade of dopaminergic receptors by the IV administration of 5 mg of the dopaminergic receptor blocking agent sulpiride/sulpiride test) was performed 3 to 7 days after the initiation of spontaneous menses in cycling women or medroxyprogesterone acetate-induced menses in PCOS women. In PCOS women treated with GnRH-a administration (goserelin depot, 3.6 mg SC every 28 days), the sulpiride test was repeated 10 to 15 days after the third GnRH-a administration. Main Outcome Measure: Basal PRL levels and PRL increase induced by sulpiride. Results: Basal PRL levels and the PRI, response to sulpiride were increased in women with PCOS. In women with PCOS medical ovariectomy induced by GnRH-a administration reversed to normal both basal and sulpiride-stimulated PRL levels. Conclusions: In women with PCOS the abnormal regulation of PRL and presumably of hypothalamic neurotransmitters controlling PRL secretion is not a primary alteration but it is likely dependent on abnormal ovarian functionality.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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