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Titolo: Carotid artery dissection on non-contrast CT: Does color improve the diagnostic confidence?
Data di pubblicazione: 2014
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this work was to evaluate if the use of color maps, instead of conventional grayscale images, would improve the observer's diagnostic confidence in the non-contrast CT evaluation of internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD). Materials and methods One hundred patients (61 men, 39 women; mean age, 51 years; range, 25-78 years), 40 with and 60 without ICAD, underwent non-contrast CT and were included in this the retrospective study. In this study, three groups of patients were considered: patients with MR confirmation of ICAD, n = 40; patients with MR confirmation of ICAD absence, n = 20; patients who underwent CT of the carotid arteries because of atherosclerotic disease, n = 40. Four blinded observers with different levels of expertise (expert, intermediate A, intermediate B and trainee) analyzed the non-contrast CT datasets using a cross model (one case grayscale and the following case using the color scale). The presence of ICAD was scored on a 5-point scale in order to assess the observer's diagnostic confidence. After 3 months the four observers evaluated the same datasets by using the same cross-model for the alternate readings (one case color scale and the following case using the grayscale). Statistical analysis included receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis, the Cohen weighted test and sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, accuracy, LR+ and LR-. Results The ROC curve analysis showed that, for all observers, the use of color scale resulted in an improved diagnostic confidence with AUC values increasing from 0.896 to 0.936, 0.823 to 0.849, 0.84 to 0.909 and 0.749 to 0.861 for expert, intermediate A, intermediate B and trainee observers, respectively. The increase in diagnostic confidence (between the AUC areas) was statistically significant (p = 0.036) for the trainee. Accuracy as well as sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, LR+ and LR- were improved using the color scale. Conclusion Our study suggests that the use of a color scale instead the conventional grayscale improves the diagnostic confidence, accuracy and inter-observer agreement of the readers, in particular of junior ones, in the diagnosis of ICAD on non-contrast CT.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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