Apr 152011
 

Hello there everyone!

                                     Well this week we continued with our look at comparatives by also looking at sayoing two things are the same or different!

NOT AS ……. AS                                       AS…..AS

Mike isn’t as old as John.                       This hotel is as expensive as the                                                                     one in Oxford Street.

DIFFERENT FROM                                         

   He’s different from his brother             

 Your dress is different from mine.        

 THE SAME AS/SIMILAR TO

She’s exactly the same as her sister.

Your dress is similar to mine.     

Idiomatic phrases: As good as gold; as old as the hills; as quiet as a mouse! As fresh as a daisy! As cute as a button! As cool as a cucumber! As quick as lightning! As wise as an owl! As thick as two short planks!

Then we also looked at the future used for plans and predictions.

FUTURE PLANS (!)

We use am/is/are going to + infinitive and the PRESENT CONTINOUS to talk about  plans in the future.

We are going to watch TV this evening!

Are you going to eat all that chocolate?

I’m not going to drink any wine at the party tonight!

(I decided to do something)                    I’m going to buy a new car!              FUTURE (I do it)

—————————————————————————————————————————-

 You use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS for arrangements, dates, appointments etc.

MY DIARYMONDAY  TENNIS 3PMTUESDAY   MEETING WITH JOHN

WEDNESDAY LUNCH WITH SUE

 

I’m playing tennis at 3pm on Monday.   (I’m going to play….

I’m meeting John on Tuesday.                  (I’m going to meet…

I’m having lunch with Sue on Wednesday.   (I’m going to have….)

NB It’s not wrong to use the “going to” form in all these sentences but the PRESENT CONTINUOUS is more common!

Also with “go” and “come” we often prefer NOT to use the “going to “ form:

(I’m going to go to London this summer) I’m going to London this summer!

(They’re going to come to my party at the weekend ) becomes

They’re coming to my party at the weekend.

Remember that the same rules apply for STATIVE verbs  which are NOT used in the present continuous. 

Remember “will” is used for less definite things – predictions anout what will happen and if you add “maybe/possibly” it becomes even less definite.

NOT DEFINITE    (No arrangements)      ‘ll/will

 Maybe I’ll take a postgraduate degree course.

INTENTIONS                                 be going to  

 I’m going to take a postgraduate course.

DEFINITE      Arrangements made   Present Continuous

I’m taking a postgraduate course in September.

  

Predictions

No evidence – ‘ll/will

It’ll rain tomorrow. (weather forecast on TV)

Evidence now – be going to

Look at those black clouds!! It’s going to rain!

Then we looked at indirect questions- a way of sounding more polite!

INDIRECT QUESTIONS

USE INDIRECT QUESTIONS TO SOUND POLITE

BEGIN WITH AN INTRODUCTION:

Do you know ,,,,,,?

Can you tell me……..?

Could you tell me…..?

Do you think you could tell me…..?

I wonder……….

I’d like to know………

NOTE ; in the second part we use an affirmative NOT a question,

WHAT TIME DOES THE TRAIN LEAVE?   The train leaves

Can you tell me what time the train leaves? NOT

CAN YOU TELL ME What time does the train arrive?   NO!

YES/NO QUESTION use IF /WHETHER

Can I book a double room?

I’D LIKE TO KNOW        WHETHER /IF                      I CAN BOOK A DOUBLE ROOM?

Do you like pizza?

I wonder if you like pizza.

We also looked at the verb “sound” in the meaning of “seems!”

“Sounds interesting/ boring!!!”

VOCABULARY

holiday words (book, check out of, pack your bags, find your way around etc.)

office supplies ( paperclips, sellotape, etc.)

Last but not least the answers to the test!

  A B
  1.  
   
   
   
   
   
B C
B D
C A
B B
10  B D
11  A B
12.  A A
13. A A
14.  B B
15  A D
16. A A
17. C D
18.  A A
19.  A B
20, C B
21.  B C
22.  B B
23,  B A
24  B A
25.  C A
26.  B A
27.  C A
28.  D A
29.  D B
30.  B A
31.  C B
32.  A B
33.  B D
34.  D C
35.  A C
36.  A D
37.  B A
38.  C D
39.  A A
40.  C A
41.  B B
42.  B D
43.  A D
44.  B C
45.  A B
46. C A
47. A B
48. A D
49. B B
50. A C
51. C D
52. B B
53.  C B
54. A A
55. C B
56. D A
57.  A C
58. B B
59.  B B
60. B D

 

REMEMBER THE NEXT LESSON IS ON TUESDAY – THEN WE BREAK  UP FOR EASTER AND LESSONS RESTART ON WEDNESDAY 26 AS NORMAL.

PLEASE REMEMBER TO GET YOUR PHOTOCOPIES READY FOR THE LESSON ON THURSDAY 28.

  HAVE A NICE WEEKEND!

   SallyD

Apr 152011
 

Hello there,

                  Well this week we finished our look at Light and Colour in the Museum Environment which was probably one of the most if not the most difficult article to date. Remember that for the written test you will need to know the vocab. that was introduced during the lessons. For the Oral questions will be about the actual article and the Museum photocopy.

We have now started on our last module -The tomb of Sennefer! Hope this is more your cup of tea!!!  We completed database info. about the Block Statue of Sennefer and learned something about you.

Next week please remember that there are NO lessons on Wednesday or Thursday and that after the holidays we start back on Wednesday 27 April . No “Sardinian ” holiday on Thursday either ! Sorry!!! Once we have completesd the last article, the last two weeks of the course are revision and practice!!!

On Tuesday I will confirm the date of the written test for our lucky Istanbul group!!!

      Enjoy your weekend!

Don’t forget to do your homework!

     SAllyD

 Scritto da in 15 Aprile 2011  ESP
Apr 102011
 

Hi there,

                 This week we have started looking at the PAST PERFECT, TIME LINKERS and we revised COMPARATIVES; SUPERLATIVES.

HERE’S THE GRAMMAR.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

FORM

 

 

AFFIRMATIVE Subject Aux. had Past participle
                        We had been
NEGATIVE Subject Aux. had + NOT Past participle
                   They Hadn’t Seen
QUESTION : HAD SUBJECT PAST PARTICIPLE
  What had she done?

 

USE

Completed actions in the PAST that happened BEFORE other actions!

When Mark arrived, Ann HAD (already) MADE THE COFFEE.

                                   Ann was making the coffee.

                                Ann made the coffee.

 

(1.  Ann made the coffee.

(2.  THEN Mark arrived.)

Cp  HE HAD (ALREADY) GRADUATED WHEN HE GOT MARRIED.

(1.  HE GRADUATED 2. THEN HE GOT MARRIED.

HE HAD GOT MARRIED WHEN HEGRADUATED.

(1.  HE GOT MARRIED 2. THEN HE GRADUATED)

 TIME LINKERS

WHILE / AS /WHEN : THINGS HAPPEN AT THE SAME TIME

I WAS HAVING A SHOWER

 10.00    longer action                           10.30

The phone rang (10.15)

             shorter (interrupting)

While/As/When I was having a shower, the phone rang.

The phone rang while/as/when I was having a shower.

—————————————————————————

 THE MOMENT / AS SOON AS/WHEN (similar to AFTER!)

ONE ACTION FOLLOWS ANOTHER

I went to bed. I fell asleep.

10.00                                                     10.05

The second action immediately FOLLOWS the first.

The moment /As soon as/When (after) I went to bed, I fell asleep!

I fell asleep the moment /as soon as/when (after) I went to bed!

_______________————————————————-

 

BY THE TIME (before) : ONE ACTION HAPPENS BEFORE ANOTHER

JOHN HAD ARRIVED (6pm)  I GOT HOME .(6.15)

 

By the time (Before) I got home, John had arrived.

John had arrived by the time (Before) I got home.

The focus point is “getting home” the other events are described in the Past Perfect.

 

COMPARATIVES (COMPARE 2 THINGS/PEOPLE)                                 

SHORT ADJECTIVES   (1 SYLLABLE)     + ER                

 Old – older           sweet – sweeter           tall –taller        

  Spelling  big- bigger   hot –hotter                                             

 Adjectives in –y ( usually, two syllables   – ier         

Happy – happier              lucky –luckier   

Longer adjectives   with MORE

Interesting   – more interesting

beautiful – more beautiful      

MODERN   MORE MODERN

SUPERLATIVES (MORE THAN TWO THINGS/PEOPLE)

SHORT ADJECTIVES   (1 SYLLABLE)  the    + EST

Old – oldest  sweet – sweetest tall –tallest

Spelling  big- biggest   hot –hottest

Adjectives in –y ( usually, two syllables;  the   – iest

                                Happy – happiest            lucky –luckiest

  Longer adjectives   with the MOST

 Interesting   – the most interesting

     beautiful –  the most beautiful

Irregulars

Good – better- the best                        bad – worse- the worst

Far- further-  the furthest

AFTER COMPARATIVES WE USE “THAN”

John is OLDER THAN Mike.                        

 English is MORE DIFFICULT THAN French.

AFTER SUPERLATIVES USE “in”

He’s the oldest student in the class.   

Which is the longest river in the world?

NEGATIVE COMPARISONS

LESS + ADJ. + THAN

This book is LESS DIFFICULT THAN THAT ONE.

MODFIYING COMPARATIVES

BIG DIFFERENCES    MUCH/ A LOT/ FAR

This wine is MUCH/A LOT /FAR MORE EXPENSIVE than that one.

  WINE  a = £ 5                                                           WINE B  = £30

SMALL DIFFERENCES   A LITTLE/SLIGHTLY / A BIT

This wine is A LITTLE/SLIGHTLY /A BIT MORE EXPENSIVE than that one.

  WINE  a = £ 5                                                           WINE B  = £6

Remember that we were looking at telling stories backwards!! Mr Bean, Jack and the Beanstalk! Why don’t you try to tell a story the wrong way round!!!

 See you on Tuesday!

SallyD

Apr 072011
 

Hello there,

                    This week we finished our look at Horror Films and started looking at Colour and Light in the Museum Environment!

Remember that worksheet referring to Museums ( kinds and definition could also be in the Oral test.

Enjoy your weekend!

SAllyD

Apr 042011
 

Hi there ,

                  THis week we have been looking at

;Modal verbs in the Past.

The dreaded !!!! agreeing or disagreeing (So  do I etc,)

Giving and asking for permission to do so

Both/ neither /nor

The dreaded agreeing or disagreeing (I hated this topic!!! So did I!!!!! I didn’t)

Giving or asking for permission more or less formally ( From Can …….  Could …..Do you mind if …… Would you mind)

Grammar notes

       
permission   prohibition  
COULD (PAST) MANY YEARS AGO YOU COULD SMOKE ANYWHERE. COULDN’T I couldn’t wear heels to school.
WAS/WERE ALLOWED TO I WAS ALLOWED TO STAY OUT TILL MIDNIGHT. Wasn’t/weren’t allowed to They weren’t allowed to use the phone.
obligation   No obligation  
HAD TO He had to buy a new car. Didn’t have to

or

 

Didn’t need to 

She didn’t have /didn’t need to buy a new dress for the wedding.
 Both etc,

BOTH AND NEITHER ARE USED TO COMPARE TWO PEOPLE OR THINGS.

BOTH is positive BOTH OF THEM HAVE TWO CHILDREN. (THEY BOTH HAVE TWO CHILDREN).

(SHE HAS A CHILD AND HE HAS A CHILD. )

NEITHER is negative NEITHER OF THEM HAS A CAR.

SHE DOESN’T HAVE A CAR AND HE DOESN’T HAVE A CAR.

BOTH + PLURAL VERB + AND

BOTH JOHN AND MIKE COME FROM IRELAND.

NEITHER + SINGULAR VERB + NOR

Neither SUE NOR JIM COMES FROM FRANCE!

SIMILARITIES(agreeing with someone)  (BEGIN WITH SO/NEITHER AND USE THE SAME AUXILIARY VERB). IN NEGATIVE SENTENCES MAKE IT POSITIVE.

I’M FEELING HAPPY. SO AM I
I HAVE A DOG. SO HAVE I
I’M NOT HAPPY. NEITHER AM I (positive verb)
JOHN WASN’T IN ROME

    NEGATIVE statement

NEITHER WAS SUsan.(positive)
JOHN DOESN’T LIKE PIZZA

        NEGATIVE

Neither do I

 

STATEMENTS WITH NO AUXILIARY VERB

I LIKE PIZZA. SO DO I
I went to FRANCE. SO DID JOHN!
   

 

DIFFERENCES

NO SO OR NEITHER. PRONOUN + AUX. VERB(OPPOSITE!)

 

I CAN’T SPEAK FRENCH. I CAN!
I’M NOT TIRED! I AM!
NO AUX. VERB USE AUX. DO  
I LIKE PIZZA! I DON’T 
JOHN DOESN’T HAVE A CAR! SHE DOES!
THEY ARRIVED EARLY! YOU DIDN’T
HE DIDN’T BUY A TICKET! I DID!

 Vocabulary;

We looked at “LUCK”

Hard luck!  

Good luck!                   You’re out of luck! Beginner’s luck!  

THE LUCK OF THE DRAW!

You’re pushing your luck!   

Go on! Try your luck!

What would you say?

I’m going to take a difficult exam tomorrow!

I passed my driving test first time!

I really want strawberry ice cream but they have just sold out!

I failed my exam by just one mark!

I always cheat in exams – my teacher has never noticed!

I wanted to work with  Petra but the teacher told me to work with Ann.

I don’t think I’m good enough to enter this competition!

 We also looked at words to do with sleep!     eg fall asleep, go to sleep, wake up, sleepy , have a nap ,

By the way here’s our odd timetable !

  GROUP A GROUP B
TUESDAY 14.30-16 16-17
WEDNESDAY 14.45-15.45 15.50-16.50
THURSDAY 14-15 15.30 -17

So see you tomorrow!

  SAllyD

     
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