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Titolo: Gold oxidative dissolution by (thioamide)-I2 adducts
Data di pubblicazione: 2013
Abstract: Elemental gold powder is easily oxidised under mild reaction conditions with 1 : 1 I2-adducts of the thioamides 3-methyl-benzothiazole-2- thione (mbtt) and 1-methyl-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione (mbit) with separation of the ionic complexes [AuI(mbtt)2]I3 (1) and [(mtbiH)2](AuI4)I3 (2) [mtbiH = the imido protonated form of 2-(methylthio)benzimidazole] (gold oxidation yield >78% and 45%, respectively). The X-ray crystal structure of 1 shows the Au(i) centre linearly bound by two neutral ligands via the sulphur atom, whereas the X-ray crystal structure of 2 shows the Au(iii) centre surrounded by four iodides in a square-planar arrangement. The oxidising/complexing properties of the mbtt·I2 and mbit·I2 adducts were interpreted considering the S-donor to I2 interaction that leads to a charge separation between the Ib and It iodine atoms in the fragment S-Ib-It. The oxidation of gold in a non-aqueous solvent by thioamide-I2 adducts could be a promising alternative process to the numerous hydrometallurgical ones for the recovery of gold from secondary sources. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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