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Titolo: Bimetallic Fe/Mo-SiO2 aerogel catalysts for catalytic carbon vapour deposition production of carbon nanotubes
Data di pubblicazione: 2015
Abstract: Highly porous nanocomposite aerogels based on bimetallic Fe and Mo nanoparticles with a variable Fe:Mo weight ratio ranging from 5:1; 3:1; and 0.7:1 dispersed on amorphous silica were obtained. N 2 physisorption, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy indicate that the Fe/Mo–SiO 2 nanocomposite aerogels as obtained by a co-gelation sol–gel route followed by supercritical drying and reduction treatment under H 2 exhibit Fe and Mo nano- crystals with size in the range 4–10 and 15 nm, respectively, supported on highly porous silica. The catalytic performance of the Fe/Mo–SiO 2 aerogels for the synthesis of multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) by catalytic chemical vapour deposition (CCVD) was evaluated in terms of amount and quality of the produced CNTs as assessed by gravimetric results, thermal analysis, and TEM. The effect of catalyst composition and CCVD temperature was investigated, pointing out that high reaction temperatures (800 C) favor the formation of MWCNTs with high quality in elevated yield, the highest C uptake value being [400 %. Catalyst composition and CCVD temperature were also found to affect the homogeneity of CNT morphology, the best MWCNT quality (with outer diameter 23–25 nm) being achieved at 800 C with the catalyst having the largest Mo content.
Tipologia:1.1 Articolo in rivista

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