|Titolo:||New bis-cresol-bridged bis(1,4,7-triazacyclononane) ligand as receptor for metal cations and phosphate anions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Abstract:||The synthesis and characterization of a new bis(aneN3) ligand (H2L) containing two aneN3 macrocyclic moieties separated by a 2,2′-methylene-bis-cresol (cresol ) 4-methyl-phenol) unit is reported. A potentiometric and 1H NMR study in aqueous solution reveals that H2L is in a zwitterionic form, and protonation of the cresolate oxygens occurs only with the formation of the highly charged (H5L)3+ and (H6L)4+ species at acidic pH values. The coordination properties of H2L toward Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II) were studied by means of potentiometric and UV spectrophotometric measurements. The ligand gives both mono- and binuclear complexes in aqueous solution. At acidic pH values the ligand forms stable binuclear [M2H2L]4+ complexes, where each metal is coordinated by two amine groups of aneN3 and the deprotonated oxygen of the adjacent cresol unit; the remaining amine group is protonated. Deprotonation of the [M2H2L]4+ species at alkaline pH values affords [M2L]2+ complexes, where all amine groups of the aneN3 moieties are involved in metal coordination. Binding of mono-, di- and triphosphate, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was studied by means of potentiometric, 1H and 31P NMR measurements and by molecular dynamics simulations. The receptor forms stable 1:1 adducts with di-, triphosphate, and ATP, while the interaction with monophosphate is too low to be detected. In the complexes both the aneN3 moieties act cooperatively in the substrate binding process. The stability of the adducts increases in the order diphosphate < triphosphate < ATP. This trend is explained in terms of increasing number of charge-charge interactions between the phosphate chains and the protonated aneN3 subunits and, in the case of ATP, of stacking interactions between the adenine and cresol units.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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